What is the difference between CBD and THC?
There are some cannabinoids that are psychoactive and some that are not. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the psychoactive cannabinoid. CBD (cannabidiol) is not psychoactive. Both compounds are cannabinoids, the difference between the two is the way each of them interacts with the receptors in humans.
THC makes people feel ‘high’ because it binds directly with a cannabinoid receptor located in the central nervous system, leading to feelings like euphoria, altered reality, and even paranoia in some severe cases. CBD does not produce the same effects because it does not interact with this same receptor in the central nervous system. As a result, CBD is more suitable for alternative medical treatments. This allows us to make use of CBD for alleviating various symptoms associated with several medical conditions.
CBD and THC levels vary from strain to strain, but generally, Cannabis grown for recreational purposes usually contains more THC than CBD. By utilising certain selective cultivating techniques, strains have been created that contain high levels of CBD and nearly no THC at all. These strains are becoming more popular because of the excellent alleviating effects that CBD has on certain diseases.
Because CBD is non-psychoactive and does not cause a ‘high’, Cannabis with low THC levels is not very popular among users who buy Cannabis for recreational purposes. But that very fact is responsible for the growing popularity among health care givers. Because they prefer treatment with minimal side effects.
Where does CBD come from?
CBD is extracted from the resin of a cannabis plant, more specifically extracted from the buds, leaves, or stem of the plant. Resin is produced by the female buds of the plant in their blooming stage. Once maturity is reached, the plant will bloom, developing flowers that are covered with trichomes. These trichomes look pretty much like tiny hairs, covering the flower buds, the leaves that are closest to the buds and in a lesser extent on the plant’s stem. These trichomes are covered by minuscule but many crystals of resin, a rather viscous and gooey substance.
So, CBD is obtained from this resin, which can be extracted from the buds, leaves, or stem of the plant, although the highest quality resin and, respectively, CBD oil, comes from the buds of the cannabis plant.
How is CBD oil made?
There are quite a few ways to extract the oil, but the most widely used one is super critical CO2 extraction, which withdraw high-quality organic CBD oil from the whole (flower, leaves and stem) cannabis plant. By controlling the pressure and temperatures of the CO2, undesired elements from the CBD can be separated with great precision. This extraction method is safe for our health and for the environment. No pesticides, heavy metals, microbial or solvents are included in CBD products created this way. Full spectrum hemp used for extracts is cold pressed and ensures the desired compounds are not overheated or converted into undesirable chemical compounds. These extracts are Non-GMO, (Pet) Cruelty-free, gluten-free, and vegan-friendly as well.
How can CBD help / health benefits?
As humans, we have cannabinoid receptors that are located throughout our bodies, together comprising the endocannabinoid system, which regulates many critical body functions and can benefit from CBD.
Studies have shown that CBD plays a great part in stabilizing our immune system, balancing our energy, regulating the functioning of neurotransmitters, and much more.
Also, scientists discovered that CBD can be applied to the skin for healing purposes and may help with many conditions, such as Depression, Heart Disease, Glaucoma, Huntington’s disease, OCD, Obesity, Digestive Issues, Arthritis, Anorexia, Stress, PTSD, Nausea, MS, Migraine, Diabetes, Epilepsy, Bipolar, Autism, Asthma, and the list continues to grow. But among all these conditions, CBD helped achieve the best results in the case of epileptic disorders. CBD is a cannabinoid that significantly reduced the frequency of epileptic seizures, both in the case of children and adults, promoting the health of brain cells and reducing their damage due to the disease.
It can also help a lot in the case of schizophrenia and other psychosis, due to its anti-inflammatory properties. And it showed positive results in alleviating anxiety symptoms, reducing stress and helping patients reach a more balanced state of mind.
It also has anti-oxidant properties for treatment of nerve related conditions, anti-tumoural and anti-cancer properties to combat tumour and cancer cells and anxiolytic and anti-depressant properties to fight anxiety and depression.
What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are the most important group of active compounds found in the cannabis plant. The cannabis plant has approximately 500 different compounds, cannabinoids representing 104 of them. Their importance is not given by the fact that these compounds are numerous, because, as can be seen, they are not. While cannabis also contains other compounds such as terpenes, vitamins, minerals proteins and chlorophyl, the cannabinoids are the most important.
Cannabinoids are also responsible for the user experiencing a high. What is mainly caused by the cannabinoid THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). In turn, other cannabinoids like CBD do not have any psychactive effect and even diminishes the psychoactive effect of THC. What makes these cannabinoids exceptional is their unique medical use.
Cannabinoids act in the human body through the body’s endocannabinoid system, which forms with receptors the interface to the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoid receptors are present throughout the body, embedded in cell membranes, and are believed to be more numerous than any other receptor system. When cannabinoid receptors are stimulated, a variety of physiologic processes ensue. Researchers have identified two cannabinoid receptors: CB1, predominantly present in the nervous system, connective tissues, gonads, glands, and organs; and CB2, predominantly found in the immune system and its associated structures. Many tissues contain both CB1 and CB2 receptors, each linked to a different action.
What is the Endocannabinoid System and Cannabinoid receptors?
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is composed out of cell receptors and their adjacent molecules. These receptors act pretty much like locks, as only specific keys can open them up or, in this case, make them react. In anatomy, the keys to these locks are called agonists, which are small chemical molecules capable of triggering a wide range of reactions in the body.
So, each time an agonist meets a receptor cell, it will activate it, but it will also transmit a message as well, letting the receptor know what it has to do.
A cannabinoid is a substance that can bind to a cannabinoid receptor. Thus, when it comes to the ECS, there are two main types of receptors that make its body, and we are talking about Cannabinoid Receptor 1 or CB1 and Cannabinoid Receptor 2 or CB2.
The keys or agonists of these receptors are the endocannabinoids. “Endo” can be translated as “within” and “cannabinoid” makes reference to a compound that is more than suitable for fit within the cannabinoid receptors.
What is CBD oil?
CBD oil is the extract obtained from cannabis strains like Hemp that are CBD-rich and contain very little THC. It is a non-psychoactive product and it brings benefits by being ingested. By using special cannabis strains for CBD oil, a product that contains high quantities of CBD is produced, together with various minerals, vitamins, flavonoids, fatty acids, and terpenes.
CBD oil is used by people with a variety of ailments.
Is Cannabis oil the same as CBD oil?
There is a lot of confusion about these terms – Cannabis oil generally refers to the ‘whole plant’ oil, and usually contains THC and all the other cannabinoids, including CBD. CBD oil generally refers to oil where the THC is extracted and eliminated. Buying cannabis oil is actually like buying THC oil. It is under strict supervision to ensure that sellers do not breach legislative limits. Sometimes CBD can be extracted on its own as an isolate. There is mounting evince that using all the cannabinoids together yields better results than just extracting one cannabinoid, such as CBD.
What are Terpenes in the CBD oil?
Terpenes are one of the most common varieties of natural products. They have diverse functions in plants. In food and food supplements, terpenes are mainly important because of the fragrance and aromas they exude. The aroma of the various cannabis plants is determined by the respective terpenes. This is just like citrus fruits, nutmeg and many other herbs and spices.
What to look for when buying CBD products
- Buy CBD oil only from a reputed brand.
- Do not buy CBD without COAs (Certificate of Analyses)
- Buy CBD products only from trustworthy online stores
- Find out what other active cannabinoids are in the CBD?
- Which oil was used to dissolve the CBD?
What’s the best way to take CBD oil?
CBD oil can best be taken sublingually. You can also drip it on the hand and then lick it. It is also available in oil capsules, edibles, suppositories, etc.
Does CBD oil cause you to get high or stoned?
No, CBD oil does not contain any psychoactive substances, and it does not stone you. Consumers say, however, that it is relaxing.
Like THC, CBD is a Cannabinoid found in the Cannabis plant. As is the case with any concentrated essential oil, the nature of CBD oil remains the same after it has been extracted from the Cannabis plant. Seeing that CBD Oil is extracted from high CBD/low THC plants, and THC is the culprit that causes users to get high, CBD oil CANNOT have a psychoactive effect on you, since CBD is not psychoactive at all.
CBD side effects?
There are no known side effects with normal use of CBD oil.
How to store CBD oil?
CBD oil is best stored in a dark, cool place. CBD oil is sensitive to light and air, so most people simply place the oil in their kitchens or fridges.
What is Hemp seed oil?
Hemp seed oil is a biological product of the cold pressed hemp seeds. In order to press the hemp seed, the shell is first removed. Due to the fact that the seeds are cold-pressed, high-quality, essential components remain in the oil.
- Vitamin B and E
- Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids
- Hemp proteins
Is Cannabis and Marijuana the same thing? What about Hemp?
Essentially, the terms medicinal marijuana and medicinal cannabis can be used interchangeably. Both refer to the use of pharmaceutical products (or medicines) using the cannabis plant (often just called marijuana) or chemicals contained within it to treat medical conditions.
The difference between these two words is just that, a difference between words. There is no real evidence that there are any physical or biological differences between cannabis and marijuana and hemp.
Hemp, cannabis or marijuana all are scientifically denoted by the Latin term, cannabis sativa; hemp, cannabis or marijuana are all the same plant species, cannabis sativa. Indica varieties of cannabis are just different varieties of the same species, cannabis sativa. Today, almost all varieties of cannabis used for medicine and social use are cross-breeds of both indica and sativa varieties.
Hemp is generally the cannabis specie that produces more fibre, from its stems and stalks, than any other plant, and hemp fibre can be used to make paper, canvas, rope, lace, linen, building materials and more.
Is CBD safe to consume?
Yes, CBD is safe to consume. Even though you cannot overdose on CBD, it is always recommended to consult your personal doctor before consuming CBD-rich products or before modifying your diet, in any way.
Is CBD safe for pets?
Cats and dogs, among other pets, also have an endocannabinoid system, which can benefit from CBD. There’s no such thing as “human” or “animal” CBD as the same compound is applied. CBD contains anxiolytic properties, which could potentially benefit your furry friend. If you have specific questions about your animal, it is imperative to research and/or speak with a veterinarian regarding the specific dose and use of CBD for your beloved pet
How much CBD is safe to take? What concentration and amount of CBD do I need to take for optimal effects?
All of our products disclose the recommended serving size in or on the product packaging. However, everyone’s body requires different levels of CBD for optimal balance. Although you cannot overdose on CBD, it is strongly suggested to start with small amounts and increase from there. Of course, as everyone’s body reacts differently, it’s important to consult your local physician before consuming CBD.