Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds in cannabis flowers (the plant) which imitate compounds that our bodies produce naturally, called endocannabinoids. These compounds, if activated, maintain internal stability and health; in other words, they help with the communication between cells. When there is a problem in our endocannabinoid system, then you will experience unpleasant symptoms such as nausea, anxiety, pain and depression.
Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. In each tissue, the cannabinoid system performs different tasks, but the goal is always the same: homeostasis, the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external environment.
The cannabinoid that makes one ‘high’ is called THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). THC makes people feel high when smoking cannabis because it binds directly with a cannabinoid receptor located in the central nervous system. This produces symptoms like euphoria, altered reality, and even paranoia in some severe cases. CBD does not produce the same effects because it does not interact in the same manner as THC. THC is still illegal in most of the states of America, and also in most parts of the world, and can only be accessed through prescription medicine.
What makes CBD unique, however, is that it shares many of the beneficial effects of THC without any of the mind-altering, intoxicating effects. As a result, CBD is surging in popularity and is increasingly being used to help with depression, diabetes, anorexia, digestive issues, anxiety, epilepsy, insomnia, arthritis, neurological disorders, and other conditions marked by chronic pain and inflammation.
CBD (cannabidiol) is a vital cannabinoid that our bodies need for optimal balance. Hundreds of studies have researched the positive impact of CBD on our endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for important bodily functions, such as regulating our appetite, assisting the immune system, brain functioning, etc.
Scientists discovered that there are receptors in the human body that responds positively to chemical compounds (cannabinoids). Cannabinoid receptors are present throughout the body, embedded in cell membranes. When cannabinoid receptors are stimulated, a variety of physiologic processes ensue. Researchers have identified two cannabinoid receptor systems:
- CB1, predominantly present in the nervous system, connective tissues, gonads, glands, and organs; and
- CB2, predominantly found in the immune system and its associated structures.
Known beneficial effects of CBD are:
- Pain relief
- Suppresses muscle spasms
- Increases efficacy of the immune system
- Reduces blood sugar levels
- Reduces nervous system degeneration
- Treats psoriasis
- Reduces risk of artery blockage
- Suppressing appetite
- Reducing vomiting & nausea
- Reducing contractions in small intestine
- Relieves anxiety
- Tranquilising – used to manage psychoses
- Reduce seizures and convulsions
- Kills or slows bacterial growth
- Treats fungal infection
- Inhibits cell growth in tumours/cancer cells
- Promotes bone growth
- Promotes brain tissue growth in alcoholism
- Reduces nicotine cravings